Obama Health Care Reform Rules and TimeLines, Medicare Rebates, FSA/HSA Changes, Family Coverage and Lifetime Caps


With the Supreme court decision upholding the passage of health care reform, the Obama administration received a major political boost. Americans will finally start seeing the actual impacts of many of these new laws. The main changes are discussed in the previous updates below, but here are the key new rules effective that in effect now or those that will be coming into effect in the next few years.

– Pre-existing conditions denial of coverage for anyone younger than 19. Insurance plans can no longer deny coverage for children under 19 with a pre-existing condition like asthma, even if their health problem or disability was discovered or treated before applying for coverage. Those over 19 will have to wait until 2014 to get the same benefit.

– Family Coverage for adult-children or dependents under 26 is now required under most health care plans. However, the additional coverage is not going to be cheap and for many separate, rather than family coverage, may still be a cheaper option. The department of health estimates that the average cost of coverage for each new adult child will be about $3,380 a year in 2011 and $3,500 in 2012. If employers spread out that cost among all families covered by work-based insurance, premiums will rise about 0.7 percent next year and 1 percent in 2012 and 2013, according to the government report as employer health insurance costs rise (2% to 4%).

– Free Preventive Care requirements like vaccinations, mammograms and other screenings must be covered under new plans; customers should not have to pay any deductible, co-pay or coinsurance on them. The thinking behind this is that preventive care is much cheaper than operative or emergency care and so should save insurers and the employer more money over the longer term.

– No Life-time benefit caps and $750,000 on annual limits for most plans. Many health plans set a lifetime dollar limit on what they would spend for covered benefits during the entire time you were enrolled in that plan. You were required to pay the cost of all care exceeding those limits. Under the new law effective today, lifetime limits on most benefits are prohibited in any health plan or insurance policy issued or renewed on or after September 23, 2010. The new law restricts and phases out the annual dollar limits that all job-related plans, and those individual health insurance plans issued after March 23, 2010, can put on most covered health benefits. The annual limit will be raised to $2 million after January 2014.

– Choose and keep your primary care doctor. The new rules guarantee that you can choose the primary care doctor or pediatrician you want from your health plan’s provider network without needing a referral from another doctor.

Emergency care without approval. The new laws mean that you can go to emergency services at a hospital outside your plan’s network without prior approval from your health plan. Under current plans, approval is normally required to get full coverage.

– Cancel in retrospect. Health plans can no longer retroactively cancel insurance coverage, often when you need it most, solely because you or your employer made an honest mistake on your insurance application. Further you now have the right to demand that your health plan provider reconsider a decision to deny payment for a test or treatment. You can also make an external appeal to an independent reviewer.

A number of the new rules don’t apply to “grandfathered” health insurance plans, which are ones bought for yourself or your family (and is not a job-related health plan) on or before March 23, 2010 (the date that the new law was passed). So if you want to take advantage of them you will most likely have to enroll in a new plan or wait till annual open enrollment.

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[Update July 2010] After a year of fierce partisan debate, the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives late Sunday night passed the landmark $940 billion health-care reform bill which would extend health insurance coverage to 32 million uninsured Americans, prevent insurance companies from denying coverage to people with preexisting medical conditions and is projected cut the federal deficit by an estimated $138 billion over the next decade. The final tally, which adhered almost entirely to party lines, was 219 “yes” votes and 212 “no” votes. Not one Republican voted for the measure. The health care reform bill has also been signed into law by the President, but a number of other bills (including reconciliation) to modify or amend to the current bill have been submitted.

Tax and Cost Impacts to the Affluent and/or those with Company Sponsored Insurance

For people already covered by a large employer – most Americans, in other words – the effect would not be as significant. And yet, just about everyone might benefit from tighter insurance regulations. According to the independent and non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, people who get coverage through their employer today will likely see lower premiums.

– In 2013, affluent families with annual income above $250,000 (and singles above $200,000) would be required to pay an additional 3.8 percent tax on their investment or unearned income, while contributing more to the Medicare program from their payroll taxes. This group and their higher taxes is funding most of the health care reform. See previous update below for details on these provisions.

– Other provisions likely to affect higher-income individuals would scale back tax preferences associated with paying out-of- pocket medical expenses. Starting in 2013, Americans under 65 won’t be able to deduct medical expenses until they exceed 10 percent of income, up from 7.5 percent now; retirees would keep the lower threshold.

Starting in 2013 The legislation for the first time would place a $2,500 limit on what can be contributed to employer-sponsored flexible spending accounts, another type of account funded with pre-tax dollars that can be used to pay for medicines, co-payments, and other expenses. The cap will receive annual cost-of-living adjustments. Employers currently set their own limits, typically between $3,000 and $5,000 in the absence of a government cap. This change would cost an average worker about $625 in tax savings.If you have a health savings account (HSA) or Archer medical savings account: In 2011, the penalty for withdrawing funds for non qualified medical expenses increases to 20% from 10% for HSAs and from 15% for Archer MSAs

Starting in 2013, medical expenses have to reach 10% of your adjusted gross income to qualify for a tax deduction, as opposed to today’s 7.5% standard. But seniors age 65 and older would be able to claim an itemized deduction at 7.5% of income through 2016.

– Starting in 2018, employers that offer workers pricier (Cadillac) plans — or those with total premiums of $10,200 or more for singles and $27,500 for families — would be subject to a 40 percent tax on the excess premium. Retirees and workers in high-risk professions like firefighting would have higher thresholds ($11,850 for singles, or $30,950 for families), pegged to inflation.

Families, Dependents and those with Private Insurance

– From July 2010 people who have been locked out of the insurance market because of a pre-existing condition would be eligible for subsidized coverage through a new high-risk insurance program. That special coverage would continue until the legislation’s engine kicks into a higher gear in 2014, when coverage would be extended to a wider part of the population through Medicaid and new state-run insurance exchanges

– Significant expansion of Medicaid: The federal-state health program for the poor, making it available to an estimated 16 million more people with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level. Adults without dependent children will qualify for the first time. In addition, community health centers, on which many of the working poor rely, will receive enhanced funding.

– Also starting soon, consumers who hit the medicare-gap would receive a $250 rebate. In 2011, they would receive a 50 percent discount on brand name drugs. The Medicare prescription drug program and its unpopular “doughnut hole” — a big, expensive gap in coverage that affects millions — would be eliminated by 2020.

– By October 2010 any lifetime caps on how much your health plan will cover, often set between $1 million and $5 million, will be eliminated in both group and individual health plans starting later this year. Insurance company plans would be prohibited from placing lifetime limits on medical coverage, and they could not cancel the policies of people who fall ill. Children with pre-existing conditions could not be denied coverage.

– Further, by year end dependent children up to age 26 would also be eligible for coverage under their parents’ plans — instead of the current state-by-state rules that often cut off coverage for children at 18 or 19.

– Health insurance will be compulsory for all Americans, and new state-run insurance exchanges would be setup to provide affordable/competing options to private insurers. Americans who do not obtain health insurance would face a federal penalty starting in 2014. The first year, consumers who did not have insurance would owe $95, or 1 percent of income, whichever is greater. But the penalty would subsequently rise, reaching $695, or 2 percent of income. Families who fall below the income-tax filing thresholds would not owe anything. Nor would people who are unemployed or cannot find a policy that costs less than 8 percent of their income.

Small and Big Business

– Starting in this tax year, businesses with fewer than 25 employees and average wages of less than $50,000 could qualify for a tax credit of up to 35 percent of the cost of their premiums. Workers at small businesses eventually will be able to buy policies on new health-insurance exchanges, where health benefits will have to meet a new minimum standard.

– Starting in 2011, Employers will have to disclose the cost of workers’ health coverage on their W-2 tax forms

– Beginning in 2014, employers with 50 or more workers could face federal fines for not providing insurance coverage. Several of the other changes would take effect much sooner. For more impact of health insurance on small business see this article

Sources: NY times, Whitehouse.gov, Bloomberg
[Previous Update] Under Obama’s health care reform proposal, a new tax would apply to income from interest, dividends, annuities, royalties, capital gains, and rents for individuals who earn more than $200,000 and joint filers reporting more than $250,000. The President had proposed a 2.9% tax for this unearned income (i.e income not directly from a salary), but Congressional leaders are raising this to 3.8% in the final health-care overhaul plan.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, asked today if the tax applied to capital gains, said it would be imposed on unearned income “whatever category it is.” It would be the first time Medicare taxes would cover investment income. The current 2.9 percent Medicare levy currently applies only to salaries and is split evenly between workers and their employees.

The Medicare tax won’t apply to other income subject to income taxes, including interest from municipal bonds and retirement accounts such as 401(k) plans until funds are withdrawn

Long Term Cost of Health Care Reform

Overhauling the U.S. health-care system will cost $940 billion over 10 years and cut the federal deficit, according to the Congressional Budget Office. To help offset the cost of the measure, Democrats plan are planning the above 3.8 percent Medicare tax on unearned income. Overall, the measure will cut the federal deficit by $138 billion in the first decade and reduce the shortfall further in the next 10 years. It would restructure one-sixth of the economy, covering 95 percent of eligible Americans, in the biggest expansion of the social safety net since Medicare was created in 1965

Republicans are universally opposed to the plan, Obama’s top domestic priority. They have argued that the Democratic plan uses budgeting “gimmicks” because much of the expansion of insurance coverage comes later in the life of the bill and say it costs too much.

Increase in Health Care Premiums?

The budget office concluded that premiums for people buying their own coverage would go up by an average of 10 percent to 13 percent under the health care reform plan, compared with the levels they’d reach without the legislation. That’s mainly because policies in the individual insurance market would provide more comprehensive benefits than they do today.

For most households, those added costs would be more than offset by the tax credits provided under the bill, and they would pay significantly less than they have to now. However, the budget office estimated that about 4 in 10 customers shopping for an individual policy would not be eligible for tax credits — and would face higher premiums on average than without the legislation.

The premium reduction of 14 percent to 20 percent that Obama often cites would apply only to a portion of the people buying coverage on their own — those who want to keep the skimpier kinds of policies available today. Their costs would go down because more young people would be joining the risk pool and because insurance company overhead costs would be lower in the more efficient system Obama wants to create.

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41 Comments on "Obama Health Care Reform Rules and TimeLines, Medicare Rebates, FSA/HSA Changes, Family Coverage and Lifetime Caps"

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I really think that most of the individuals here that don’t agree with the plan do not have enough information to really make that call. I freely admit it looks good to me but I have not really looked at the bill itself to see what is in it. This is not what our country needs. The simple fact of the matter is you are required in most states to have car insurance so when there is an accident you are covered. Your health is so much more important than a car. Secondly, we are paying the bills for people without insurance anyway so instead of them marginal care to “stabilize” the issue we could treat it early and there not be an issue. Make no mistake there are people in this country who can’t afford to go to the doctor and will die because they don’t have insurance. Conversely… Read more »
Martin V

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patience johnson
This plan is utter stupidity. I see the good intentions however the bad outweighs the good. More and more Dr.s are denying the use of Medicaid so once its at the time when an adult with no dependents is able to sign up for Medicaid there will be NO DR.s that will accept it. Putting a cap on the FSA funds is utter NONSENSE!! I rely on my FSA account. So I will actually be paying more in taxes with these adjustments and we only make 24,000 a yr and that all goes to bills and food and caring for my children. How can the government see this as a good thing, these new caps on being able to claim on taxes costing the tax payer MORE, and for the ones that are able to get on Medicaid NO DR.S. Forcing us to PAY MORE for insurance when you live… Read more »

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>This bill does not benefit all insurance companies. It only benefits the very large insurance companies, namely the Big 4: Cigna, United, Aetna, and BC/BS. The bill will force the small carriers out of business, giving these four control of the entire market. They have no intention of eliminating the restriction on pre-existing conditions. Their plan is to offer a policy to those with pre-existing conditions, but only at a premium so high, it would be an onerous burden. Not that it matters, since the government is now requiring that you have insurance, regardless of your ability to pay. The bill will not lower anyone's premium, quite the opposite. Not one carrier operates at the efficiency levels required by law, but now that they have captive consumers, they can raise rates to achieve this "efficiency". Nothing about this bill lowers costs or fixes the problem with healthcare. Do you see… Read more »
>You, as a taxpayer, must buy health insurance. MANDATORY. No free will.You, as a taxpayer, must fund abortion, even pro-life taxpayers. MANDATORY. No free will. This is slavery. This is a huge federal power take over, and the individual weakens. The IRS will harass you on a monthly basis to make sure you have government approved insurance–Obama handed huge power to the IRS by putting them in charge of this GOVERNMENT RAN health care. And the list goes on. Do it, or be punished. You can't afford health care? Okay, let's work on THAT, not this federal grab for power. You can't afford more bills than you have now, right? Taxation is coming, and monthly IRS harassment. Monthly. The messiah and his court have spoken. Worked some evil magic on congress to make them deaf . . . to your voice. All ages, races and political parties have protested this… Read more »

>More TAXES people. The overhaul is financed in large part through new taxes. The reconciliation bill would institute a 3.8 percent Medicare tax on investment income imposed on individuals who earn more than $200,000 a year and joint tax filers who have more than $250,000 in earnings. That adds to a higher Medicare payroll tax already in the Senate bill.


>I think the Healthcare overhaul proves that our government can still function. Sorry losers. You'll just have to thank us later, when you can actually afford health insurance. Even the morons in our country deserve healthcare…although sometimes I wonder why we bother.


>"We proved that this government — a government of the people and by the people — still works for the people."

Apparently Obama thinks it is opposite day. How is passing this crap that the majority of "the people" don't want working for "the people"? It is ridiculous how far out of touch with reality these idiots in Washington are. Vote them ALL out, both parties, the next time we get a chance, and replace them with real people instead of these mindless robots.


>hum, after reading these comments I've decided that too many Americans don't have cars. We owe it to Americans that they be able to drive in order to get jobs and "feel" as good as the working Americans. We have to do it now, look at unemployment numbers. We should make the working class people who pay taxes pay for these cars. That will create millions of jobs because everyone can drive to those jobs……This seems like a crazy idea but healthcare is THE SAME THING! People wake up, this idea that we owe everyone someone will not stop until its weight collapses the country!

>You already know about the Democrats' big health care reform victory Sunday night, the deal it took to get there, and the debate that will come next. But if you haven't been paying close attention, you might not know what's in it for you. America, here's what you've won (and all of this stuff kicks in this year): 1. Insurance companies can no longer impose lifetime coverage limits on your insurance. Never again will you face the risk of getting really sick and then, a few months in, having your insurer tell you "sorry, you've 'run out' of coverage." Almost everyone I've met knows someone who had insurance but got really, really sick (or had a kid get really sick) and ran into a lifetime cap.2. If you don't know someone who has run into a lifetime cap, you probably know someone who has run into an annual cap. The… Read more »

>It seems that the most of the people against the bill are the people who are set with healthcare. I agree illegal aliens should not be eligible, but I work hard at my job (which I am thankful to even have in this economy) pay my rent and bills on time, but cannot afford the cost of buying my own health insurance. My job keeps me under 40 hours so I am not eligible for benefits… If something were to happen to me and I had to be hospitalized I dont know what I would do, and its not just me, I know plenty of people in my exact situation.

>Okay you guys that think the isurance companies are evil and they did not want this bill need tp pull your head out. This bill is all about the insurance companies are in bed with the democrates not the republicans. I am sorry the government is forcing the public to buy thei product can an industry be in bed more with government. How would you like to own a business and the government force people to buy from. Whats next are they goping to force everyone to by GM. Also there is a 100's of millions of doallars in here for the drug companies as well. So all of you blind Obama follows here is what you are getting this is espcially great fro all of you college folks and young people who blindly follow Obama cuase he give good campaign speeches.1. Government is taking over the studen loan industry.… Read more »

Instead of listening to Fox “Noise” all day, why don’t you get your facts straight.
Healthcare is a basic human right, at least in a civilized society.
You must purchase car insurance don’t you.
Perhaps that’s an unfair “burden” or boondoggle as well.
Wake up!
This is America not Ayn Rand’s jungle where survival of the fittest rules.
Lack of affordable healthcare is the most punishing & inefficient policy ever.
Talk about “Death Panels”…Insurance companies have had that role forever.
It’s about time we broke their greedy, heartless backs.
That’s a revolution worth having.
Leave your guns at the door please… no place for them in a civil debate.

Fred M.
>From PolitiFact, here are some real facts that contradict your last claim: – Insurance companies will be regulated more heavily. They will have to pay out a certain percentage of premiums for patient care. By 2014, when the exchanges open, insurers won't be able to deny customers for pre-existing conditions. 2. The vast majority of people will not see significant declines in premiums. When President Barack Obama talks about premiums going down, he usually means they won't go up as much as they would otherwise. For the four out of five who get insurance through their employers, the savings would land in the 0 percent to 3 percent range by 2016, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office. People who buy insurance on their own but don't qualify for government subsidies could see premiums rise by as much as 13 percent, but that's largely because they'll be getting beefed-up policies… Read more »

>"Your employer, it's estimated, would see premiums fall by as much as 3,000 percent," said the president, "which means they could give you a raise."

A White House press spokesman later said the president misspoke; he had meant to say annual premiums would drop by $3,000.

Gimmicks and number mixing. Typical.


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