2018 401k and 403b Plan Contribution Limits Could Drop Precipitously Under Trump-Republican Tax Reform

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401K and 403b limits have held steady or moderately increased over the last few years with more and more Americans using these tax advantaged employer sponsored vehicles to save for their retirement income.


However this bastion of American retirement savings is under attack from Trump and GOP tax reform proposals. Basically to fund proposed tax cuts the Republican tax plan is looking at limiting the amount of pretax money households can contribute to 401K (or 403b for government employee) retirement saving accounts. By limiting these pre-tax contributions, the government can collect additional tax on these earnings. Thereby providing additional revenue to offset the losses from tax cuts.

GOP insiders have said they would offset the 401k contribution limit cuts by allowing increased limits for Roth 401K or Roth IRA accounts where contributions are after tax, but growth and withdrawals are tax free. So what the GOP proposal is essentially doing is shifting e tax revenue from the future to the near term. Longer term the deficit will only grow.

Based on various sources the 401k contribution cuts could be massive – from the current $18,000 ($18,500 in 2018) per year to $2,400 a year. This would hit middle income earners the most for whom an employee sponsored 401k vehicle is their main form of retirement saving.

The has become a big issue for large (and powerful) fund management companies on Wall street and their lobbyists. 401k and IRA Fund management companies like Vanguard and Fidelity have become so large and dominant due in large part to the growth of retirement savings accounts where they manage the lion’s share of employer plans. So it is unlikely they will want a change in the rules. And given their influence I would not be surprised if this proposal is quashed in Trump’s tax reform package.

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

Robert Riebeth November 1

The Republican proposal to reduce the 403b contribution limit will hobble my retirement savings plans. Now I have to choose between paying more taxes today and saving for retirement. I don’t think the Republicans have left anybody out of their game called, “LETS TERRIFY EVERYBODY.” Retirement savers are certainly not being spared any worry or fear. Now, Republicans want to raise the debt limit and give about a 5% tax decrease to the mega wealthy, while raising taxes on select middle to upper middle class people. Quite frankly, I’m scared, real scared. I hope the favored tax status of SEP IRA’s lose their tax deferred status too.

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Andy (Author) October 24

Well…looks like this proposal may already be dead in the water…

“President Donald Trump pledged Monday to protect a popular retirement-savings program, promising to leave it untouched in the forthcoming GOP plan to overhaul taxes. “There will be NO change to your 401(k),” the president wrote on Twitter. “This has always been a great and popular middle class tax break that works, and it stays!”

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